Yum, delicious apples
Orchards. These are fragrant trees and shrubs strewn with fruit. Especially valuable for the landscape are sets of original varieties of apple, cherry and other delicacies with a grassy space between them. It is suitable for the city and the landscape, where they have a very positive effect on their surroundings. They are an oasis of dew, peace and eternally diligent bees. The trees in the orchard attract people, for example, for picnics or walks.
Fruit trees have been creating an inviting landscape since the beginning of time. They create pleasant shade and ensure moisture. They were widely grown until the 1950s and are our cultural heritage. For generations, they have learned to resist the adverse effects of weather, diseases and pests, which helps them to withstand all the hardships that new varieties can't cope with so well. They increase the diversity of the landscape and attract much more than just insects.
Many modern orchards focus solely on intensive fruit production. However, this does not benefit their longevity, as such orchards hardly last 20 years. (Typically, they will only last 15 or even 10 years.) The trees in such orchards are planted densely and are surrounded by fences so that the owner does not lose his crop.
To provide a real benefit to the landscape, it is better to plant the trees at greater distances so that the crown can grow larger. This way, orchards can actually develop and perform other functions than just bearing fruit. It is best to fill the area between the trees with grass and mow it twice a year. The trees will have enough moisture, and you can use the hay, for example, as bedding for rabbits. You can also let the grass under the trees be grazed.
Why plant orchards
They increase the diversity of the landscape and help us orient ourselves.
Yum! Their fruits are edible and tasty.
They are honey trees. This means they attract bees, whose honey we can then enjoy. Bees also help trees to create fruit by pollinating their flowers.
They give us shade and moisture for the soil, cooling their surroundings.
Their roots strengthen the soil, preventing erosion.
They are historically connected with the Czech landscape.
They are home to small animals, such as birds, bees, beetles, and bats.